C# 7.0 – #3. New Tuple value type

First of all, at least for C# 7.0 included in Visual Studio 2017 RC, it needs to download the System.ValueTuple Nuget Package, providing the System.ValueTuple structs, which implement the underlying types for C# 7 tuples.

In C# 6.0 after invoking an appropriate Tuple object constructor, the object magically contains a series of properties named Item1, Item2 and so on, one for each type parameter.
There wasn’t an easy way to rename the property names with most significant one.
The best way to accomplish this is to create a custom class that inherits from System.Tuple and then expose the Items properties with significant names.

C# 7.0 comes with a much better Tuple object. First of all it is a value type, then it performs faster (reference type can still be used).

A Tuple variable, known as Tuple literal, containing multiple values each of which may have its own data type:

var axes = ("Axis X", "Axis Y", "Axis Z");
Console.WriteLine("Axes are: {0}, {1} and {2} ", axes.Item1, axes.Item2, axes.Item3);
Console.WriteLine($"Axes are: {axes.Item1}, {axes.Item2}, {axes.Item3}");

Members type are automatically inferred by the compiler, in the above example are string, string, string. Furthermore, it’s possible to override the default named Tuple public properties ItemX

var points = (x: 100, y: 20, z: 50);
Console.WriteLine("Points are : {0} , {1}, {2} ", points.x, points.y, points.z);

And different data types are also possible:

var customerInfo = ("Joe Doe", 10, false); //(string,int,bool)
Console.WriteLine("Customer information: Name: {0}, Discount: {1}, IsProspect: {2} ", customerInfo.Item1, customerInfo.Item2, customerInfo.Item3);

A Tuple member may be a reference type:

var customerInformation = (customer: new Customer { FirstName = "Foo", LastName = "Bar" }, Id: 1 );
Console.WriteLine("Customer details are - Id: {0}, First Name: {1}, Last Name: {2}", customerInformation.Id, customerInformation.customer.FirstName, customerInformation.customer.LastName);

public class Customer
   public string FirstName { get; set; }
   public string LastName { get; set; }

A function may return a Tuple literal:

(string description, double x, double y, double z) GetMultipleValues()
   return ("Short description", 100D, 120D, 140D);

In this case the funcion gets called in this way:

var values = GetMultipleValues();
Console.WriteLine("Values are: string value={0}, first double value={1}, second double value={2}, third double value={3}", values.Item1, values.Item2, values.Item3, values.Item4);

The return statement in the above function may contain the explicit name of each field:

return (description: "Short description", x: 100D, y: 120D, z: 140D);

So in this way the function would get called:

var values = GetMultipleValues();
Console.WriteLine("Values are: string value={0}, first double value={1}, second double value={2}, "third double value={3}", values.description, values.x, values.y, values.z);

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